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During the Middle Ages, the city was variously known as Barchinona, Barçalona, Barchelonaa, and Barchenona.Internationally, Barcelona's name is wrongly abbreviated to 'Barça'.From quick media searches, to helping us identify the most strategic opportunities for our clients, the features are easy to use and intuitive.Their reps are always available to us at a moment’s notice, and a pleasure to work with.Important Roman vestiges are displayed in Plaça del Rei underground, as a part of the Barcelona City History Museum MUHBA; the typically Roman grid plan is still visible today in the layout of the historical centre, the Barri Gòtic (Gothic Quarter).Some remaining fragments of the Roman walls have been incorporated into the cathedral.Madrid became the centre of political power whilst the colonisation of the Americas reduced the financial importance (at least in relative terms) of Mediterranean trade.Barcelona was a centre of Catalan separatism, including the Catalan Revolt (1640–52) against Philip IV of Spain.
Barcelona is one of the world's leading tourist, economic, trade fair and cultural centres, and its influence in commerce, education, entertainment, media, fashion, science, and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities.
The founding of Barcelona is the subject of two different legends.
The first attributes the founding of the city to the mythological Hercules.
After being conquered by the Arabs in the early 8th century, it was conquered in 801 by Charlemagne's son Louis, who made Barcelona the seat of the Carolingian "Hispanic March" (Marca Hispanica), a buffer zone ruled by the Count of Barcelona.
The Counts of Barcelona became increasingly independent and expanded their territory to include all of Catalonia, although on 6 July 985, Barcelona was sacked by the army of Almanzor.
by the marriage of Ramon Berenguer IV and Petronilla of Aragon, their titles finally borne by only one person when their son Alfonso II of Aragon ascended to the throne in 1162.